In contrast to the T. During the wet period, even though ants were predominant in the diet of both lizard species, a considerable volume of lepidopterans, coleopterans and orthopterans was also consumed, characterizing opportunistic predation on arthropods with reproductive cycles concentrated in the rainy months. We can therefore suppose that T. The fact that plant parts leaves, flowers, fruits and seeds account for a sizable portion of the total volume ingested in the diet of Tropidurus species CARVALHO et al.
Published diets of T. Tropidurus hispidus generally feeds on significantly larger prey than T. The two species represent opposite extremes in body size, T.
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The difference in body size between the syntopic lizards T. In contrast, similar sized species T.
Although in T. Significant associations between lizard body size, including head measurements, and prey dimensions have been reported in Tropidurus , as in T. Conversely, for T. Thus, factors other than lizard body size or head measurements may also be important in determining the size of prey consumed by these lizards.
Foraging in Tropidurus reflects a history of sit-and-wait foraging involving a set of associated characteristics in the family Tropiduridae and most of the Iguania COOPER, In this sense, during the dry season, the vegetation of the Caatinga becomes completely dry, reducing foraging sites of T. The lizards wait at these sites with their heads pointing downward and quickly jump onto potential preys sighted moving through the leaf litter accumulated in the rock crevices or around the rocks.
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On the other hand, during the wet season, the Caatinga vegetation is invigorated and produces an abundance of flowers, acting as insect baits for lizards that remain motionless near them. Furthermore, when foraging during the wet season, T. In contrast, T. Tropidurus semitaeniatus also uses rapid movements to attack highly mobile prey such as flies Muscidae and leaf hoppers Cicadellidae when they land on rocky surfaces. This behavior was not observed for T. These differences support the idea that foraging intensity may vary between species, even when they exhibit the same foraging mode GASNIER et al.
This is similar to all other Tropidurids studied e. Nonetheless, focal observations, especially in the wet season, revealed differences in the foraging intensity between T. Furthermore, we found a similar mean number of moves and attacks on prey for T. We conclude that the feeding behavior and diet composition of T. Both species are opportunistic and generalist predators that prey upon arthropods and consume plant material. In summary, the more adverse conditions in the dry season constrain both species to similar hunting strategies, but in the wet season, the different vegetation characteristics and higher food availability result in different hunting strategies.
Carlos F. Rocha, Sandra M.
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Hartz and an anonymous reviewer provided insightful criticisms on the manuscript. Ribeiro and E. Geomorfologia 43 Observational study of behaviour: sampling methods.
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Copeia 2 Foraging activity and diet of four sympatric lizard species in a tropical rainforest. Journal of Herpetology 28 2 HUEY, R.
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Herpetological Review 40 3 Frog predation. Thermal ecology and thermoregulatory behaviour of Tropidurus hispidus and T. Herpetological Journal 20 3 Tropidurus semitaeniatus Squamata: Tropiduridae as a seed disperser of the plant Commiphora leptophloeos Burseraceae in the caatinga of northeastern Brazil. Ventral colored patches in Tropidurus semitaeniatus Squamata, Tropiduridae : sexual dimorphism and association with reproductive cycle.
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